European assessment of EPR schemes for lubricants – ADEME

In 2020, for ADEME, RDC Environment has carried out a European benchmark of the EPR schemes aiming to manage the collection and processing of waste oils.

In France, until 2015, the collection of used oil was free for holders. In 2016, following a drop in prices of used oil, the government made it possible (on a transitional basis) to charge for the collection and processing of used oil to holders in mainland France. To end this transition period, the AGEC Act of February 10, 2020 imposes the setting up of an EPR (extended producer responsibility) system for lubricants as of January 1, 2022. This new sector should thus make it possible to cover the costs of collection, including in Overseas France.

Objectives of the study

In this context, ADEME (the French agency for ecological transition) has commissioned RDC Environment to carry out a European assessment of the EPR schemes set up to manage the collection and processing of used oils.

The purpose of this study was to anticipate the implementation of the EPR lubricants sector in France, and more specifically to :

  • Identify the key questions from French stakeholders regarding the implementation of EPR for lubricants.
  • Provide all these stakeholders with information on the on the operational aspects of EPR systems in other European Union countries.
  • Enlighten and enrich the thought-process of stakeholders on the implementation of EPR in France.


The study thus led to the identification of the different mechanisms put in place by 5 countries selected for an in-depth study: Belgium, Spain, Greece, Italy and Portugal.
The collection, regeneration, quality of recycled lubricants, prevention, eco-design and cost control systems were analyzed.
These different systems were then subjected to a cross-sectional analysis, leading to an assessment of their transposability to the French context.

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