References


Food and Drink

Development of PCR (Product Category Rules) for bottled water

In 2012-2013, RDC Environment conducted the first version of bottled water PCR.

These PCR have been elaborated for the European Federation of Bottled Water (EFBW) in order to allow the bottled water industry to evaluate their environmental performances on common foundation.

 

For more information: http://www.efbw.eu/index.php?id=53



Packaging

Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) development

RDC Environment has conducted a sophisticated data collection in order to identify the necessary resources such as energy, air, water and soil emissions needed for the production of the raw material used for certain packaging applications.

Consequently to this data collection, realized by using a sector specific enquiry, RDC has validated the totality of data with the client before building the LCA model and integrating the data in order to produce an inventory. 

The last step has been the integration of this inventory in databases such as EcoInvent or ELCD.



Public authorities - Association

Evaluation of the regional politic relative to container yards: balance sheet of the previous plan and recommendations for the future plan based on an environmental and economic analysis.

In order to conduct this study, RDC has evaluated the operations of container yards in the Walloon region linked to the objectives set out in the Waste Walloon Plan horizon 2010. This evaluation focuses on the amount of waste collected, issues of delinquency, flows subject to the trade-in-bond and the risks of hazardous waste collection in container yards.

 RDC has then been part of the elaboration of the Walloon Waste Horizon 2020 Plan addressing container yards, particularly the selection of additional flows related to PAC selective flow. The flows are selected on basis of a quantitative monetary cost-benefit analysis including economic, social and environmental aspects, throughout the waste management chain. The used model takes into account different management costs of PAC in different intermunicipal associations. Finally, recommendations have been elaborated and the associated regional budget has been estimated.

 Available reports:

http://environnement.wallonie.be/rapports/owd/dechets_menagers/eval_pwd_pc3.pdf

http://environnement.wallonie.be/rapports/owd/pwd/pwd2020_Analyse_couts-benefices.pdf


Transpositions and practical applications in the various UE countries of end-of-waste status

The European Waste Framework Directive introduced, in article 6, the end-of-life notion. Concretely, the aim is to define the conditions for which specific waste stops being waste.

The European Commission develops criteria (in form of regulations) specific to particular waste flows allowing to respect these conditions. When the commission has not defined any criteria, the member states can develop their own. At Member State level, some measures have been implemented.

The purpose of the study is to identify the implemented measures in the European Union and various Member States assuring the end-of-waste status (from transposition texts to application texts).

The assessment led by RDC Environment is articulated in two steps:

        • A state of the art of the implemented measures in the different Member States;

       • An analysis of specific cases concerning the end-of-waste status: recycled plastic, aggregates of inert waste, waste oil recovered as fuel, Solid Recovered Fuel (SRF), compost from biodegradable waste and plaster from gypsum synthesis.

Available report:

http://www.record-net.org/storage/etudes/12-0147-1A/rapport/Rapport_record12-0147_1A.pdf